Starting from this year, China's new energy vehicle market will usher in a wave of battery recycling tide. According to the average life of lithium batteries for six years, the waste battery cells that need to be recycled this year are about 100000 tons. You know, this data doesn't include the electric bikes that we often see on the street. In this regard, China has also introduced the corresponding recycling policy.
In the Interim Measures for the management of the recycling of power batteries for new energy vehicles (hereinafter referred to as the management measures), it is emphasized to implement the extended producer responsibility system, requiring the automobile manufacturers to bear the main responsibility for the recycling of power batteries, and the relevant enterprises to fulfill the corresponding responsibilities in all aspects of the recycling of power batteries. To put it bluntly, this matter is who produces and who recycles. What kind of impact will this bring to the automobile industry?
Now the domestic recycling battery industry has just started, the corresponding recovery rate is only 2%, which is really difficult to meet the environmental protection standards. The new management method is to make the batteries of new energy vehicles cause large-scale secondary pollution. So, what are the difficulties in battery recycling?
Firstly, the disassembly process of used automobile power battery is complex and has potential safety hazards; secondly, the product consistency is poor and the remaining life and battery status cannot be systematically evaluated; the system integration technology is immature, and the recycling economy is poor, and many other problems need to be solved from top to bottom. And it must be clear about rewards and punishments. Moreover, I think it is necessary to give preferential policies to the responsible enterprises.
In terms of automobile enterprises, new energy vehicle brands led by BYD in China have already made preparations for battery recycling, and the recycled scrap batteries will also be used in other fields. However, for some brands that haven't developed new energy products from the bottom of their heart, the recycling of their "fraud compensation" products is still a big problem.
Last but not least: environmental protection is really a big issue. The bottleneck in the development of new energy vehicles can only be pinned on the development of lithium battery technology. When we meet the problem of environmental protection again, we can only rely on the development of battery recycling technology. The new energy vehicle market has been thrown a catalyst by the government, but it has been living in the cracks.